The Third Battle of Panipat has a great impact on the history of India. Some major causes resulted in the Battle of Panipat. But before we discuss the causes of this battle, we should know the important facts about the battle of Panipat.
The Third Battle of Panipat
On 14 January 1761, the Third Battle of Panipat took place at Panipat, 97 KM north of Delhi.
It was fought between the Maratha Empire and the invading Afghan Army of Ahmad Shah Durrani (Ahmad Shah Abdali). Abdali was supported by Indian allies – the Rohilla (Najib-Ud-Daula), Afghans of the Doab region, and Shuja-Ud-Daula, the Nawab of Oudh.
The Maratha army was led by Sadashivrao Bhau who was third in authority after the Chhatrapati (Maratha King) and the Peshwa (Maratha Prime Minister). The main Maratha army was stationed in Deccan with the Peshwa.
Here, we are listing some major causes of the Third Battle of Panipat.
Causes of the Third Battle of Panipat
Rise of Maratha
After the death of Aurangzeb, Maratha’s started capturing the lands and started expanding their reign throughout India. They also looted the troops of the sons of Durrani. Ahmad Shah Durrani angered by this incident gathered the other kings and attacked Maratha’s.
Mughals were afraid of Maratha’s power, they came into refuge of Marathas. Marathas helped the Mughals to defeat Ruhela Sardars and they became enemies of Marathas. Maratha was also an enemy of Nizam, Avadh, Rajputs, Scindia, and Holkar. Ahmad Shah Abdali(Ahmad Shah Durrani) got a chance to take their lands back.
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Maratha Empire was ruled by Peshwas, who were Brahmin. So, Rajput kings were jealous of the Peshwa Empire. Also, Marathas were establishing the Hindu Empire. So, all Muslims of India were jealous of Marathas.
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