On 4 July 1902, Vivekananda awoke early, went to the monastery at Belur Math, and meditated for three hours. He taught Shukla-Yajur-Veda, Sanskrit grammar, and the philosophy of yoga to pupils.
Later discussing with colleagues a planned Vedic college in the Ramakrishna Math. At 7:00 pm Vivekananda went to his room, asking not to be disturbed. He died at 9:20 p.m. while meditating.
Who was Swami Vivekananda?
Swami Vivekananda was born Narendranath Datta (Narendra or Naren) in a Bengali family at his ancestral home in Calcutta, the capital of British India, on 12 January 1863 during the Makar Sankranti festival.
His father, Vishwanath Datta, was an attorney at the Calcutta High Court and his grandfather Durgacharan Datta was a Sanskrit and Persian scholar who left his family and became a monk at age twenty-five. His mother, Bhubaneswari Devi, was a devout housewife.
The progressive, rational attitude of Narendra’s father and the religious temperament of his mother helped shape his thinking and personality.
Swamiji represented Sanatana Dharma at the World’s Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893. His speech made the culture and heritage of India popular. >>> Read about it here
With his incredible knowledge of Indian and Western culture and colorful personality, he made an irresistible appeal to all sorts of Americans who came in contact with him during the global dialogue on different kinds of faith in the US.
He founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. Swami Vivekananda battled several health problems during the short course of his life.
Reasons of Death
The possible cause of death was the rupture of a blood vessel in his brain. His disciples believed that the rupture was due to his brahmarandhra (an opening in the crown of his head) being pierced when he attained mahasamādhi. Vivekananda fulfilled his prophecy that he would not live forty years.
In the book ‘The Monk as Man’ by renowned Bengali writer Shankar, Swami Vivekananda suffered from 31 ailments. The book lists insomnia, liver and Kidney disease, malaria, migraine, diabetes, and heart ailments. He even suffered from Asthma which got unbearable many times. The truth is it was just a natural death out of prolonged suffering.
Other reasons were spiritual. Ramakrishna knew Vivekananda wouldn’t live much longer and said to his disciple that “When Narendra know who he was he wouldn’t live after that”.
Cremation of Swami Vivekananda
He was cremated on a sandalwood funeral pyre on the bank of the Ganga in Belur, opposite where Ramakrishna was cremated sixteen years earlier.