Ganweriwala, an Indus Valley Civilization site in the Cholistan Desert of southern Punjab, Pakistan, discovered by Sir Aurel Stein.

Ganweriwala – the least excavated Indus Valley Site

Ganweriwala is an Indus Valley Civilization site in the Cholistan Desert of southern Punjab, Pakistan. It was discovered by Sir Aurel Stein and surveyed by Dr. M. R. Mughal in the 1970s.


Ganweriwala is situated near the Indian border on the dry river bed of the Ghaggar-Hakra. It is spread over 80 hectares and similar in size to the largest sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, such as Mohenjo-Daro. It is among the top five largest towns of the Indus Valley Civilisation.

Significant Finds

The excavation of this site does not begin yet. But, a terracotta tablet is found at this site. In this seal, a cross-legged person (indicating a yogic posture) and a kneeling person below a tree and upon a tree are depicted.

Such kneeling persons on a tree, particularly in front of a tiger-like animal, are shown in tablets or seals found at Harappa (H 163 a), Mohenjadaro (M 309 a), and Kalibangan (K 49a). 

More recently, Sidra Gulzar and Asko Parpola found an inscribed tablet from Ganwariwala that might eventually help solve the puzzle of the Indus Valley script. Despite its dilapidated condition, one can see the missing “unicorn bull” horn at the bottom right, as well as the seven signs of the Indus script.


It is equidistant from Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, which lie between these two ancient cities. In this aspect, excavations can provide more information about this ancient civilization.

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