History of Newspaper in India

History of Newspaper in India – Easy to Understand ‘Table’

In history, the newspaper played an important role in the national movement in India. Now, newspaper readership has increased tremendously.

While other countries are experiencing saturation in the print media, in Indian, print media is growing day by day. According to the Indian Readership Survey 2017, the domestic newspaper market in India had grown by more than 110 million, creating an overall readership of 400 million people.

Important Table

Important Newspapers

DateName of NewspaperFounder
First Newspaper in India29th January, 1780Bengal Gazette” or “Hicky’s Gazette”James Augustus Hicky
First Hindi Newspaper in India30th May, 1826Udant MartandPt. Jugal Kishore Shukla
First Edition of “Times of India”1861Times of IndiaRobert Knight

List of Famous Newspaper and their year

Newspaper Date or YearName of Founder/Editor
Bengal Gazette29th January, 1780James Augustus Hicky
Udant Martand30th May, 1826Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla
Calcutta Chronicle1811James Silk Buckingham
The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce3rd November, 1838Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar
Times of India(The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce renamed)1861Robert Knight
Amrit Bazar Patrika20th February, 1868Sisir Kumar Ghose,
Moti Lal Ghosh
Kesari4 January 1881Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Mahratta1880-81Bal Gangadhar Tilak
National Herald9 September 1938Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Sambad Kaumudi1822Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Mirat-ul-Akhbar1822Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Bombay Samachar1822Fardaonji Murzban
The Hindu20 September 1878G. Subramania Iyer

First Newspaper in India

Hicky Gazette or Bengal Gazette was first newspaper in India
Bengal Gazette

On 29 January 1780, James Augustus Hicky published the first newspaper under the British Raj. The name of the newspaper was “the Bengal Gazette” or Calcutta General Advertiser or more commonly known as the “Hicky’s Gazette”

First Hindi Newspaper in India

Udant Martand was first Hindi newspaper
Udant Martand

After the launch of the first newspaper in India, it took 46 years for the launch of the first Hindi newspaper in India. On 30 May 1826, Udant Martand became the first Hindi daily newspaper. It was published from Calcutta(now Kolkata) by Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla.

Golden Era of Newspapers in India (1800 to 1900)

During this time, most newspapers, including the weekly gazette, were originally advertisement sheets. Journalism found its way in 1811 when some merchants of Calcutta established the “Calcutta Chronicle“. This newspaper covered the problems and struggles of local people. James Silk Buckingham, the editor of Calcutta Chronicle, established clear journalistic practices.

On 3rd November 1838, one of the largest newspaper still in circulation, The Times of India issued their first edition as ‘The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce‘. The first edition of “Times of India” was published in 1861 by Robert Knight.

The year 1857, marked the division of the Indian press and British press. In 1868, the “Amrit Bazar Patrika” was started. This newspaper was focused on social reformers and political leaders.

Role of Newspaper in Independence Struggle

Newspaper worked as ‘mouth pieces’ of the freedom struggle. Newspapers like the Culcutta Chronicle helped in showing the pain and struggle of the people.

Press was making such an impact on the British government that in 1878, to decrease the freedom of the Indian-language(non-English) press, the Vernacular Press Act was imposed. It was proposed by Lord Lytton, the viceroy of India, the act was intended to prevent the local press from expressing criticism of British policies.

Read about Sir Michael Earnest Sadler

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