Raja Rao Ram Baksh Singh was a Bais Rajput who was the Raja Rao of Daundia Khera of Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh in the then Oudh province that was a vassal state of the British East India Company. He was one of the leaders of the Sepoy Mutiny, and a close associate of Nana Sahib.
On 17 February 1856, when the English general Lord Dalhousie announced the annexation of Awadh into the British state, Rao Ram Baksh Singh was well-known as a good ruler. Due to the activism and fighting skills shown by Rao Saheb during the Ghadar, it was difficult for General Havelock to reach Lucknow, he had to return to Kanpur midway.
Struggle Between Raja Rao Ram Baksh Singh and Britishers
Between the Kanpur-Lucknow road from July 1857 to September 1857, the way Baiswara’s heroes under the leadership of Rao Ram Baksh Singh and Rana Beni Madhav Singh defeated the British generals and on 29 June 1857, under the leadership of Rao Saheb, saved lives in Dileshwar temple. The blood of the British government was boiled due to the incident of burning alive eight including General Delafauss from 12 British who entered for
After the Lucknow victory on 21 March 1858, the English army moved towards Baiswara and under the leadership of Sir Hope Grant reached Purva on 1 May and Dauriakhela on 10 May and started the attack amidst the shelling. This army also destroyed the Dileshwar temple, in which the British were burnt alive.
After this, the British army destroyed Dauriakhela and the fort and committed heavy atrocities on the people. Sir Hope Grant wondered why Rao sahib was not coming forward.
The British came to know that they were staying in Semri along with their comrades, on which the British army moved towards where it had to face a fierce front captive in the triangular area of Jaminpur, Siriapur, Bajaura. Although the British got the victory, they did not even imagine the struggle they had to face.
The arrest of Raja Rao Ram Baksh Singh
Rao Ram Baksh Singh also went to Kashi with one of his trusted servant Chandi and took the guise of a sadhu. After some time, due to the betrayal of this servant, he was taken prisoner by the British. Shivratan Singh, Jagmohan Singh, Chandrika Baksh Singh, Lakh Yadunath Singh, Bihari Singh, Ram Singh, Chheda, Ram Prasad Mallah, etc., were killed in the war with the British to support Rao.
Rao Saheb was arrested from Kashi and brought to Rae Bareli. He was identified by Mr. Durvijay Singh of Muraramau and Lal Chandan Lal Khatri of Maurawan. Four Englishmen had left the Dilleswar temple after saving their lives, who got the kingdom of Daudiyakheda as a reward from the Thakurs of Mehrauli village.
Verdict and Hanging
The British made the drama of a false trial against Rao, giving false testimony and impeachment, in his capital Daudia Kheda’s Buxar temple at Dileshwar, in which the British officers were burnt. He was hanged on 28 December 1859 at 4:00 PM by hanging from the Banyan tree standing near the temple.
In 1992, the Government of India built a memorial at the place where he was hanged to honor his death. The dilapidated remains of his fort – consisting of the ruins of his royal mansion, a huge campus spread over hundreds of acres, a temple to Shiva which has been in use for more than 180 years, and various other structures – have been in the news recently due to an urban legend of gold treasure buried there.
The Archaeological Survey of India, upon excavating his fort in October 2013, discovered a brick wall, sherds, pieces of bangles, hopscotch toys, and a mud floor that could date back to the 17-19th centuries, but no gold treasure or any other valuable materials.