Khanderao Holkar (1723-1754 CE) was the only son of the founder of Holkar Dynasty Malhar Rao Holkar and Gautama Bai.
Life of Khanderao Holkar
Ahilyabai gradually turned Khanderao’s thinking and mended his stubborn nature by repeating her statecraft and training lessons to him. She used to tell Khanderao stories from the epics, to motivate him to do his duty faithfully.
In 1754, on the command of Mughal Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur‘s Mir Bakhshi Imad-ul-Mulk, Khanderao laid seize of Kumher fort of Jat Maharaj Suraj Mal of Bharatpur State who had sided with Safdar Jang, an opponent of Ahmad Shah.
When Khanderao was inspecting his troops on an open palanquin in the battle of Kumher, he was hit and killed by a cannonball from the Jat army.
In the honor of Khanderao, Jat Maharaja Suraj Mal built a Chattri in Hindu style on his cremation spot at Kumher near Deeg.
After the death of Khanderao Holkar
At the time of death, Malhar Rao Holkar prevented Khanderao’s wife Ahilya Bai from committing Sati.
In 1766, 12 years after the death of Khanderao, Malhar Rao also died. Male Rao, the grandson of Malhar Rao and the only son of Khanderao, became the ruler of Indore at a young age, under the regentship of Ahilyabai. After the death of Male Rao, Ahilyabai became the ruler of Indore.
Frequently Asked Questions
Khanderao Holkar had one son, Malerao, and a daughter, Muktabai.
He was hit by a cannonball while he was inspecting his troops from an open palanquin(Palaki) in 1754 on the seize of Kumher Fort.
Khanderao Holkar had only one wife namely Rani Ahilyabai Holkar. There is a confusion related to this question. At many places, it is said that Shrimant Khanderao Holkar had 10 wives but there are no strong evidence to support this view. Also, it seems to be illogical that he had 10 wives at the age of 30 years(before his death) and he had only two childs and that was too from the Rani Ahilyabai.
He died at the age of 30-31 years. We do not know the date of birth and date of death, only years are know to us.