Shakta means ‘worship of Goddess Shakti’. Shakta Dharma is the science of cultivation of power. Its followers also consider the Shakta religion as old as the ancient Vedic religion.
Remarkably, this religion developed along with Vedic religion or the need to incorporate it into Sanatana Dharma. It is a major form of worship in Hinduism. It can be divided into three interlinked, mutual beliefs:
- Vaishnavism, worship of Lord Vishnu
- Shaivism, worship of Lord Shiva
- Shaktism, worshiping the Shakti form of the Goddess
Thus Shaktism is the common term in South Asia designating various goddess traditions, the common focus of which is the worship of goddesses.
Worship Of Power
The followers of Shakti are often called ‘Shaktas’. The devotees not only worship Shakti but also try to enhance, control, and transform its power-manifestation into the power or energy of the human body and the living universe.
Shakti, in particular, is believed to be located in the anal base of the human body in the form of Kundalini. This Kundalini Shakti can be awakened through complex meditation and sexual-compound rituals.
In this state, it rises upwards from the spinal cord of the subtle body. Many chakras are permeating the path until one enters the last chakra at the top of the head and cheerfully meets her husband-beloved Shiva there.
The mythological combination of Bhagwati and God is experienced in a mental and physical form, whose blissful happiness is said to flow down the entire body like a flood of celebration and deepening from the skull.
In the Shakta sect of Hindus, Bhagwati Kali and Lalita are considered to be the courage and supreme deity of the world. This Purana is virtually famous for its description of ‘Durga Charitra’ and ‘Durga Saptashati’. That is why it is also called Purana of the Shakta sect.
It is said in the scriptures – ‘Matar: Sarvabhanan Gav’ that is, the cow is the mother of all beings. That is why even in the Aryan culture, Shaiva, Shakta, Vaishnav, Gaanapatya, Jain, Buddhist, Sikh, etc., they all have a sense of cow, even if there is a difference in the teachings of worship and ritual in all the sects.
In many sects of Hinduism, various types of the tilak, sandalwood, turmeric, and saffron are made using fragrant substances. Vaishnavites embellish their foreheads with circular buds, Shakta Tilak, and Shaiva Tripundra.
In the Shakta Sampradaya, ‘Sridurga Bhagavata Purana‘ is a major text about Goddess Durga, in which 108 Devi Peethas are described. Among them, 51-52 Shakti Peethas have a very important place. Durga Saptashati is also there. Apart from this, Kalika Purana, Shakta Maha Bhagwat, and 65 Tantra are prominent.
Philosophy Of Shaktism
Shaktis believe that the supreme power of the world is feminine. That is why they worship the Goddess as God. In all the religions of the world, the imagery of God has been done like a man.
That is, God maybe like a man, but Shakta Dharma is the only religion in the world, which considers the creator as a mother or woman. It is the only religion in the true sense. Shiva is a corpse, Shakti is the ultimate light.
The evidence of Matdevi’s worship is also found in the Indus Valley Civilization. Shakta sect is an ancient sect. In the Gupta period, it was popular in the countries of north-eastern India, Cambodia, Java, Borneo, and Malaya Sambhavna. After the practice of Buddhism, its influence decreased.
Reflection Of Hindu faith
Shaktism, as a theoretical or popular religious category, is a reflection of the Hindu belief that countless goddesses of rural and Sanskrit legends are manifestations of a Mahadevi.
It is generally believed that the concept of Mahadevi is ancient. But historically, its calculation is probably of the medieval period. When various local and all-India traditions were integrated into theoretically integrated theology.
Theology can be used in historically and theoretically different traditions. From the mythology of various goddesses of medieval Puranas to two major goddess branches or Shakta Tantrism clans, past and present, virtually innumerable local rural goddesses.
Popularity Of Shaktism
Historically, Shaktism has been popular in the outskirts of South Asia. Especially in Kashmir, South India, Assam, and Bengal, although its tantric symbols and rituals have been universal in Hindu traditions since at least the sixth century.
Recently, with the traditional Indian migrant population, some Indo-linguistic educational communities, and various neolithic and feminist-oriented traditions, various forms of traditional, philosophical, and popular anarchism have entered the West, generally under the more popular title Tantrism or Tantra.
Objective Of Shaktism
Like all sects, salvation is also the aim of the Sakta sect. Still accumulate power, worship power, power is life, power is religion, power is truth, power is everywhere and power is required by all.
Be strong, be brave, be fearless, be independent, and be powerful. That is why the seekers of Nath and Shakta sect keep doing various types of yoga and sadhana to become powerful.
Salvation can be attained only by power. If there is no power then there is no meaning of Siddha, intelligence, and prosperity.
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